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Typography is a critical aspect of any design project, and Material-UI React provides a powerful and flexible way to incorporate typography into your applications. Our purpose today is to explore the essentials of utilizing typography in Material-UI React and how to customize typography effectively for your project.
Typography refers to the arrangement, style and overall look of printed matter. In website design practices, typography is critical because it maintains uniformity across all pages on a site. Moreover, incorporating appropriate typographical elements enhances the reader’s experience with well-presented materials that are easy to read & use. Typography includes everything from font choice and size to spacing and line height.
The visual impact of any composition largely depends on typography—just like it does on the six principles of design. Typography impacts the overall visual composition and aesthetics of a design. It creates exceptional designs because it helps express unique ideas that resonate with viewers' emotions. Here are several reasons to it:
Here is the distinction between the different elements of typography based upon good and bad factors.
Material-UI React provides a typography component that allows you to easily incorporate typography into your applications. It provides you with the freedom to select and modify various typographic elements to achieve the desired look and feel. This is the reason why it is termed to be flexible and customizable to fit your project's needs.
Follow the below steps to create a basic typography app in your editor.
Step 1: Create a React app named as ‘zipytypography’.
Step 2: Switch your directory to the file you just create above
Step 3: After you have changed the directory, open App.js file in your editor. To use typography in Material-UI React, import the modules from the Material-UI/core package in App.js.
Step 4: Once you have imported typography, you can use it in your React components. Now, let us understand typography variants.
Typography variants refer to the different variations or styles of a typeface that are available within a font family. Here are some common typography variants:
We have covered most of the typography variants in our app using the variant prop to specify its type. Now, we have completed all the steps regarding installation of different packages needed. So now, let’s look at the theming part a bit.
While Material-UI React provides several predefined variants for typography, you may want to customize the typography to fit your project's specific needs. Material-UI React provides several ways to customize typography, including using custom fonts and modifying the typography theme.
Custom fonts are web fonts that allow designers to go beyond the limited set of default system fonts. They can choose unique typefaces that align with their branding, enhance the visual aesthetics, and create a distinctive look and feel for their web content.
Custom fonts are needed in various situations where designers want to achieve specific design goals like consistency, visual appeal, readability and maintain branding.
To use custom fonts in Material UI for your React app, you need to import the font files and create a new typography theme with the custom fonts. Here's an example of how to use a custom font in Material-UI React. The font families included here are just to specify the fonts which can be used to style the variant. You need to just pick one at the time of coding.
This code defines a custom style using the makeStyles function from the Material UI library. The style is applied to the typography component and sets its font family to a combination of multiple font families separated by commas.
The join method is used to concatenate these font families into a single string, which is then passed as a value to the fontFamily property. Our program's design makes certain that even if specific fonts are not on a user's computer, there are backup font choices available. This approach ensures seamless performance and eliminates potential problems.
This theme refers to a set of typographic rules, guidelines, and visual styles that are applied consistently throughout a design project or across a website. With the help of this, you can govern the selection, organization of typefaces, fonts, spacing, sizes, and other typographic elements.
Here's an example of how to modify the typography theme in Material-UI React:
In the above code, we have just modified the h1 variant. We have assigned various typographic elements to h1 variant. The fontFamily used is Roboto among the ones which we have suggested above, then fontWeight, fontSize, lineHeight can also be chosen from your own preference. You can also modify other variants in the theme to use it in your program.
You can check the result below for the placing of different variants including their spacing, alignment, font-size, font-family and more. It showcases all the variants which we used in App.js following typographic theme system.
When it comes to Material-UI typography for React, there are several steps which you can follow to ensure a consistent and visually appealing design. Here are some practices:
These are a few practices considered for creating visually pleasing and accessible typography in Material UI.
Ensuring web accessibility is crucial to make digital experiences inclusive and usable for individuals with various disabilities, including visual impairments. When it comes to typographic accessibility, Material UI Typography components offer built-in support for accessibility props like aria-label and aria-describedby.
These props enable developers to enhance the accessibility of typographic elements and provide additional information to assistive technologies. For individuals with visual impairments or other disabilities, proper typographic accessibility is vital.
Material UI recognizes this importance and provides tools to improve the accessibility of typographic content. By referring to the official Material UI documentation, developers can gain a comprehensive understanding of implementing accessibility props effectively. By leveraging these components and accessibility props, developers can create typographic content that is inclusive and accessible to all users.
For more detailed implementation guidelines, I encourage referring to the official Material UI documentation, which provides valuable insights into creating accessible typography components.
Till now, we have discovered that Material UI's Typography component offers a simple and intuitive way to implement typography in React applications. With just a few lines of code, you can structure text elements according to the desired typographic hierarchy and achieve consistent styling throughout our project.
But, it doesn’t stop here, Material UI React provides theme customization options, empowers developers to harness the power of typography while maintaining consistency and accessibility. For more information, head over to our Material UI guide blog.