React is one of the most widely used front-end libraries for creating contemporary online applications is React. It offers a potent collection of capabilities for handling complicated state and creating dynamic user interfaces.
Yet, designing user interfaces that are visually appealing can be difficult, particularly for developers with little design expertise. And that's where Bootstrap comes in. Bootstrap is a popular front-end framework that provides developers with a broad range of pre-designed component styles for creating attractive and responsive web interfaces.
Developers can create React interfaces that are not only practical but also aesthetically beautiful by integrating React with Bootstrap. And in this blog, we will explore the best ways to use bootstrap with react.
Before we dive in, it would be good to know how React works.
Bootstrap provides pre-built CSS styles and components that may be simply integrated into your project. The pre-built UI components in Bootstrap include navigation bars, forms, buttons, and more.
By integrating, Bootstrap with React, developers can quickly, and easily create dynamic and responsive user interfaces. Giving you the freedom to concentrate on the functionality of the website, without worrying about how it looks.
Node.js is a prerequisite for setting up a React web application on your system.
You can check whether Node.js is installed on your machine by running the following command:
The initial step is to create a React project which can be done by using create-react-app (CRA). You can create a basic React app by suitably running the following command:
To go to the React directory:
Then, you can run the command to initiate the project:
The Bootstrap CDN, is a free service that allows developers to use the most recent version of Bootstrap without having to download or install it. All you have to do is include the Bootstrap CDN link in the head section of your HTML file, and you're done.
To begin, put the following link to the head section of your public/index.html file:
This link fetches the latest version of Bootstrap from the CDN and applies the default styles to your application.
You can quickly add Bootstrap to your React application by using the "Bootstrap CDN" without having to download or install anything. This method saves you time and effort, allowing you to concentrate on the developing the functionality and user experience of your application.
If we want to import Bootstrap, in React, as dependency then, using a build tool or module bundler such as Webpack is often preferred.
Or if you are using Yarn:
Once Bootstrap’s been enabled, make sure to include this in your app's entry file, such as 'src/index.js':
It's important to note, that the order of these imports is importance. The CSS file should be imported, before any custom CSS, and the JS file should be imported after jQuery and Popper.js (which are dependencies of Bootstrap). Here's an example of how to import all three dependencies in the correct order:
When incorporating Bootstrap, into a React application, it's common to use the React Bootstrap kit. This kit includes various Bootstrap packages that have been reconstructed, as React components. The two most popular packages are:
Both of these packages are great options for incorporating Bootstrap, into React applications, and the choice between them depends on the specific needs of the project.
To install Bootstrap in a React project, using npm, execute the following command, in the Bash terminal:
After the installation is complete, one can import the Bootstrap CSS file in the src/index.js file using the following code snippet:
Make sure to add this line at the top of the index.js file, above all other imports.
Then, in the index.js file, you can use the imported Bootstrap components in your React application. Here's an example:
In this example, the bootstrap.min.css file is imported at the top of the index.js file. The App component is then rendered in the rootDOM element, and the registerServiceWorker method is called.
To install the Reactstrap library, in your React project using npm, run the following command, in your Bash terminal:
Once installed, you can import Reactstrap components into your React application. These components are pretty similar to other React components and can be used in the same way. Here's an example of how to import multiple Reactstrap components:
While Bootstrap can be a great choice for quickly building visually appealing and responsive apps, it's important to consider its impact on your application's performance. Bootstrap comes with a multiple set of styles and scripts, which can add significant overhead to your application's load time and increase its memory usage.
One of the ways to optimize the performance of your Bootstrap-based React application is to use lazy loading. Lazy loading allows you to defer the loading of non-critical resources, such as images, scripts, and styles, until they're actually needed. This can help reduce the initial load time of your application and improve the user experience.
Caching is also a very highly effective way to improve performance. By caching frequently, accessed resources, such as images and scripts, you can reduce the number of requests which are made to the server and speed up the rendering of your application. There are various caching strategies that you can use, such as browser caching, CDN caching, and server-side caching.
To sum up, when using Bootstrap in React, it's important to consider its impact on performance and take steps to optimize it. By using techniques such as lazy loading, code splitting, caching, and selective imports, you can improve the performance of your Bootstrap-based React application and provide a better user experience.
Next, let’s talk about some best practices that you should follow when using Bootstrap in your React project.
It’s of paramount importance to choose a styling technique that addresses the core of these concerns and makes the process of adding styling to your React application easy and efficient. Following these best practices that will help you create beautiful, responsive, and performant interfaces with Bootstrap and React.
Now that you have built a solid understanding about how to install Bootstrap to your React project, optimize its performance, and about the best practices of using Boostrap with React, you are good to create beautiful React app.
So dive in and install Boostrap in React using any of these methods - Bootstrap CDN, importing Bootstrap as a dependency, or using React Bootstrap and, Reactstrap libraries. Use the steps shared above and get started.